### Abstract:

Urgency of the research. It is well-known that electric energy characteristics are the levels of electromagnetic compatibility of electric grid providing adequate performance of any electrical means connected to the grid if the electric energy
characteristics do not exceed permitted values. In the context of general idea of electromagnetic compatibility of consumers
within power supply grids, power quality is the topical problem of modern electric-power supply industry.
Target setting. The issue of assessing the possibility of ensuring the quality of electricity in terms of voltage deviation by
consumers is very important. The problem of voltage fluctuations is relevant, so that voltage deviation have a negative impact on functioning electrical equipment
Actual scientific researches and issues analysis. Papers [2-11] are devouted the effective management methods of electrical energy consumption. The articles [6-8] shows that under present conditions only system approach ensures accurate identification and prediction of electric power losses in distribution networks that are characterized by considerable ambiguity.
Uninvestigated parts of general matters defining. Generalized diagram of the voltage modes characterizes the state for
the entire distribution network connected to the main substation; it consists of the branched 10 kV network, all the distribution transformers, and all the 0.4 kV networks connected to those transformers. Along with the generalized diagram, values
of the available voltage losses have been obtained; those values occur within 10 kV and 0.4 kV networks in terms of the favourable conditions of voltage control and the initial values of the admissible voltage deviations of electrical receivers. Moreover, that is the basis to determine operating position of control tappings of distribution transformers. The research objective. Since one of the important characteristics of electrical energy is the deviation of the voltage in the network, it is advisable to carry out its analysis in the urban distribution networks in terms of Levanevska substation, town of Zaporizhzhia. To simplify practical representation of possible voltage modes on the main substation buses and within the whole distribution networks, it is expedient to use graphic representation – so-called generalized diagram of voltage modes. That diagram helps make the analysis of voltage modes more demonstrative than analytical calculation; besides, the diagram gives great possibilities for further study.
The statement of basic materials. While analyzing voltage mode in the distribution networks and determining the required law of voltage control in the main substation (MS), one should take into consideration great amount of factors effecting and complicating that study. Those factors include the following: changes in the operating mode of the network, differences in the points of connections of electrical receivers (ER) to the distribution network, differences in possible operating
positions of the control tappings in the distribution transformers (DT), differences in the points of DT connections to 10 kV
network, available dead zones of automatic voltage controller etc. Owing to that fact, it is required to perform generalized
analysis of the voltage mode and conditions of its control within 10 kV and 0.4 kV distribution networks and on main substation buses. To do that, one should apply probabilistic calculation methods. At the same time, it is expedient to use graphic
depiction (so-called generalized diagram (GD) of the voltage modes) to simplify representation of possible voltage modes on MS buses and within the whole distribution network. That diagram will help make the analysis of the voltage modes more clearly arranged than analytic calculations; moreover, it gives great opportunities for further study.

### Description:

Коваленко, В. Л. Characteristic layouts of distribution networks with the analysis of voltage deviations and expediency of its control / В. Л. Коваленко, С. А. Левченко, М. М. Трипутень, В. В. Кузнецов, М. М. Трипутень, О. М. Городній, А. В. Кузнецова, Є. В. Кузнецова // Технічні науки та технології. - 2019. - № 3 (17). - С. 209-218.